The expert this week, Marquetta Flaugher, ARNP-BC, DSN, is an advanced nurse practitioner who is ANCC-certified family nurse practitioner who works in subacute geriatric services.
Research design is the framework for describing how to conduct research that is meant to answer a clinical question. The design should describe how to carry out the research in a way that will best obtain the appropriate answers. It includes details on sample selection, how data will be collected and analyzed, use of specific tools, and a time frame for completion. Planning a research design is based on a series of selections that helps the researchers decide on either a quantitative or qualitative design.
When reviewing methodology to determine a design, the researcher should decide:
- What information will be gathered
- Whether the problem being studied affects a large number of people
- How the data will be analyzed
- What additional resources are needed to conduct the research
When determining a research design, consider the following elements:
- Environment or setting
- Population or subjects
- Intervention or treatment
- Tools to be used
- Statistical analysis
- Communication of findings
When planning a research design, the investigator should also consider other important factors, including time, subject availability, facility resources, money, research experience, and ethics.
Marquetta Flaugher, ARNP-BC, DSN